The Nobel Prize has been awarded 47 times to 46 women since it was created in 1901. This infographic shows the spread of women by category and continent.
Marie Curie became the first woman to win the prize [Physics] in 1903 for her research in radiation. Maria Mayer is the only other woman to have won the prize in Physics (1963).
There have been four women winners in Chemistry, 11 in Physiology and Medicine, 13 in Literature and 16 in Peace.
Elinor Ostrom is the only woman who has received the Nobel Prize in Economics (2009)
Toni Morrison is the first black woman to win a Nobel Prize. This was in 1993 for Literature.
Wangari Maathai became the first African woman to win the Nobel Prize in 2004. She was awarded the Peace prize
Malala Yousafzai became the youngest woman (and person) to win the Nobel Prize a few days ago at the age of 17. She was awarded the Peace prize.
You can see the full list of women who have won the Nobel Prize and why
For some reason, I can’t embed the infographic here. You can see it here here